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Williams Institute: LGBT Inclusion Promotes Economic Development


Williams InstituteA report published today by the  Williams Institute at UCLA School of Law and the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) together with its partners in the LGBT Global Development Partnership has found that greater inclusion of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) people in emerging economies is positively associated with a country’s economic development.

Highlghts from the study include:

• A positive correlation between per capita GDP and legal rights for LGB and transgender people across countries.
• A steady increase in the level of rights of lesbians and gay men in emerging economies.

A copy of the full report can be retrieved here.


Williams Institute Report: World More Accepting of Homosexuality


Williams InstituteA new report published by the Williams Institute and the University of Chicago shows that we are generally more accepting of homosexuality and have become so over the past 20 years. The study reviewed 2000 survey questions from various national surveys conducted between 1981 and today.

Key findings outlined in the Williams Institute press release  include:

• Women are on average more than one and a half times more likely to be accepting of lesbian and gay people than men.
• In 98% of the countries reviewed, those under 30 years are more likely to say that same-gender sex is not wrong at all, compared to those who are 65 years  and older. The study also indicated that people remain supportive as they grow older.
• In Latin America, acceptance of homosexuality ranges from 34% in Uruguay to only 2% in Ecuador. In terms of  marriages for same-sex couples, Uruguay had the highest level of support (57%) while Guatemala has the lowest level of support (12%).
• In Africa, acceptance of homosexuality ranges from 38% in South Africa to a 2% in Ghana.
• 91% of European countries have become more accepting over the past 20 years. The most accepting are those in Northern Europe while those in Eastern Europe and the Commonwealth of Independent States have the lowest levels of acceptance.

A copy of the full report can be downloaded here.

Stonewall Scotland publishes New Teachers Report (2014) for Scotland


Teachers Report 2014On the 10th November, 2014, Stonewall Scotland published its YouGov survey 122 primary and 138 secondary teachers and non-teaching staff across Great Britain focusing on experiences of homophobic bullying in their schools and the inclusion of sexual orientation issues in their classrooms. Highlights from the report include:

Approximately two thirds of primary school staff in Scotland (61 %) hear pupils use expressions like ‘that’s so gay’ or ‘you’re so gay’. 37% had heard pupils use terms like ‘poof’, ‘faggot’, ‘dyke’ and ‘queer’.

The majority of staff in primary schools (89%) have not received any specific training on tackling homophobic bullying.

At secondary school, 91% of the staff surveyed in Scotland had heard pupils use expressions like ‘that’s so gay’ or ‘you’re so gay’, and 71%  had heard pupils use terms like ‘poof’, ‘faggot’, ‘dyke’ and ‘queer’.

Overall 83% of those staff surveyed in secondary schools had not received any specific training tackling homophobic bullying.

A copy of the full report is available here.

Ditch The Label’s 2014 Wireless Report Published


Ditch The Label Wireless ReportUK-based charity Ditch The Label published its Wireless Report this month which surveyed 962 young people (average age 17.2 years). The findings indicate that 62% of respondents have received nasty private messages via a smartphone app based social network. 52%  have received abuse have never reported it and, in terms of selfies, 24% had  sent a naked photo of themselves which they siad had been shared with others without their consent. The full report can de downloaded here. A further cross-national analysis will be published in the Summer of 2015.

GLSEN publishes 2013 National School Climate Survey


GLSEN 2013This week, GLSEN published the findings from their 2013 National School Climate Survey of 7,898 students between the ages of 13 and 21 attending schools in 50 states and the District of Columbia.

Key findings:

  • 55.5% of LGBT students felt unsafe at school because of their sexual orientation, and 37.8% because of their gender expression.
  • 71.4% heard “gay” used in a negative way (e.g., “that’s so gay”) frequently or often at school, and 90.8% reported that they felt distressed because of this language.
  • 64.5% heard other homophobic remarks (e.g., “dyke” or “faggot”) frequently or often.
  • 56.4% heard negative remarks about gender expression (not acting “masculine enough” or “feminine enough”) frequently or often.
  • A third (33.1%) heard negative remarks specifically about transgender people, like “tranny” or “he/she,” frequently or often.
  • 51.4% of students reported hearing homophobic remarks from their teachers or other school staff, and 55.5% of students reported hearing negative remarks about gender expression from teachers or other school staff.
  • 74.1% of LGBT students were verbally harassed (e.g., called names or threat­ened) in the past year because of their sexual orientation and 55.2% because of their gender expression.
  • 36.2% were physically harassed (e.g., pushed or shoved) in the past year because of their sexual orientation and 22.7% because of their gender expression.
  • 16.5% were physically assaulted (e.g., punched, kicked, injured with a weapon) in the past year because of their sexual orientation and 11.4% because of their gender expression.
  • 49.0% of LGBT students experienced cyberbullying.
  • 56.7% of LGBT students who were harassed or assaulted in school did not report the incident to school staff, most commonly because they doubted that effective intervention would occur or the situation could become worse if reported.
  • 61.6% of the students who did report an incident said that school staff did nothing in response.

The full report can be accessed here.

Series of Short Briefing Papers on Research.


Over the past two years I have been meaning to provide more details of the research I have conducted in a more user-friendly format. I have posted seven briefing papers on research I or my students have conducted over the last few years. I hope they are useful.

1. Bystanders

2. Cyberbullying

3. Homophobic Bullying

4. Kids of Same-Sex Couples

5. Positive Psychology and Bullying

6. Studying Bullying and It’s Effects

7. Why Do Kids Bully Others?

Latest TES Article: Leadership – Take a Long Hard Look at Mentoring


My latest article entitled ‘Leadership – Take a Long, Hard Look at Mentoring’ which was published in the TES Magazine on the 12th September, 2014 can be found here.